How Insulin Sensitivity Affects Weight

Josh Beaty

How Insulin Sensitivity Affects Weight

March 23, 2019

Low insulin sensitivity, also referred to as insulin resistance, is a measure of how the body reacts to glucose. If an individual has low insulin sensitivity, they will require larger amounts of insulin in order to manage blood sugar, or glucose, levels.

Having low insulin sensitivity, or insulin resistance, can lead to type 2 diabetes and weight gain, if it is left unmanaged.

Why Does the Body Need Insulin?

Insulin is a hormone that is secreted by beta cells within the pancreas when an individual eats a carbohydrate-rich food, such as bread, pasta or rice. The body digests the complex carbohydrates and turns them into simple sugars, or glucose, which is then released to the bloodstream.

Insulin is then triggered to help take the resulting glucose out of the bloodstream, and into the muscles where it’s used for energy.

Those with type 1 diabetes either have insufficient insulin to deal with glucose levels, or they’re completely unable to produce the hormone. Type 1 diabetics are usually diagnosed in childhood, rely on insulin shots, and cannot cure their condition – they can only manage it.

Those with type 2 diabetes usually produce enough insulin but have problems using the insulin that is produced – insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes differs in that with the right diet, lifestyle, and support, the condition can be reversed.

What Happens if Insulin Resistance Isn’t Treated?

Insulin resistance suggests that the body cannot metabolize glucose. The more glucose in the bloodstream, the more insulin the body will produce to try to deal with it. High levels of insulin can result in a condition called hyperinsulinemia.

Hyperinsulinemia can cause damage to the blood vessels and lead to high blood pressure, heart disease and osteoporosis, or weakened bones. It can also result in weight gain and obesity.

At the same time, the blood will still contain high levels of glucose, as even increased levels of insulin cannot manage it. High blood sugar levels and insulin resistance can lead to prediabetes and eventually type 2 diabetes.

Being obese, having a high fasting blood glucose level, high cholesterol and/or high blood pressure can all mean that an individual develops metabolic syndrome. This can also increase that individuals’ risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Exactly How Does Low Insulin Sensitivity Cause Weight Gain?

Having insulin resistance means that the walls of the cells within the body that need to take in glucose for energy, have a much-lowered sensitivity to insulin. This makes it harder for the cells to receive the necessary glucose through the cell wall.

That glucose then remains in the bloodstream, resulting in high blood sugar levels, which the liver then has to manage. When this excess sugar reaches the liver, it is converted to fat. The fat cells leave the liver via the bloodstream and cause weight gain. If left unmanaged this can lead to obesity.

Like type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance can be reversed by following a healthy diet low in saturated fat and sugar, and by remaining active enough to lose excess weight. 

InnoSlim® and Blood Glucose

Although not a treatment for more serious conditions such as Diabetes, InnoSlim® supports healthy glucose metabolism. In 18 pre-clinical trials and 1 human clinical trial soon to be published, research has demonstrated that InnoSlim® may support healthy weight loss by reduced excess glucose calorie absorption, appetite suppression, and increased fat burning. This relates to insulin sensitivity in that it helps less glucose being absorbed into the bloodstream from the food we eat, and then helps to direct the glucose we do have to the muscle and fat cells so that energy can be burned, limiting the need for overactive insulin due to over heightened blood sugar levels. The combined effect reduces the amount of glucose in the bloodstream that is later stored as fat. 

If you'd like to learn more about InnoSlim® please contact us below and one of our business development representatives will be happy to connect with you: